Events at CERGE-EI

Thursday, 7 March, 2019 | 13:00 | Macro Research Seminar

Prof. Felix Kübler (U. of Zurich) “Self-justified equilibria: Existence and computation”

Prof. Felix Kübler

University of Zurich, Switzerland

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Authors: Felix Kubler and Simon Scheidegger

Abstract: In this paper, we introduce the concept of “self-justified equilibria” as a tractable alternative to rational expectations equilibria in stochastic general equilibrium models with a large number of heterogeneous agents. A self-justified equilibrium is a temporary equilibrium where, in each period, agents trade in assets and commodities to maximize the sum of current utility and expected future utilities that are forecasted on the basis of current endogenous variables and the current exogenous shock. Agents’ characteristics include a rule that maps the temporary equilibrium correspondence into a set of admissible forecasts and that provides a trade-off between the accuracy of the forecast and its computational complexity.
We provide sufficient conditions for the existence of self-justified equilibria, and we develop a computational method to approximate them numerically. For this, we focus on a convenient special case where we use Gaussian process regression coupled to active subspaces to model agents’ forecasts. We demonstrate that this framework allows us to solve stochastic overlapping generations models with hundreds of heterogeneous agents and very accurate forecasts.

Keywords: Dynamic General Equilibrium, Rational Expectations, Active Subspaces, Gaussian Process Regression.

JEL Classification: C63, C68, D50, D52.

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Full Text: “Self-justified equilibria: Existence and computation”